domingo, 28 de junio de 2015


Three years after its foundation, the Vienna Photobook Festival 2015 held on June 20 and 21, 2015 at Brotfabrik Wien, Absbergasse 27, has attained a remarkable success, outcome of the strenuous work of the Artistic Directors of the Festival Regina Anzenberger (artist, curator, founder and director of Anzenberger Gallery, Anzenberger Photographic Agency and Anzenberger Gallery Bookshop) and Michael Kollmann (photobook curator at Ostlicht Gallery and a recognized great expert on photographic books and organizer of photobook exhibitions), and Ostlicht Gallery (directed by Peter Coeln), who began the project in 2013, and the subsequent festival´s cooperation with Superar and Photon Gallery has made possible to have 1000 m2 available for this international reference-class event in its scope.

This year has been an unforgettable relish for any enthusiast of photography, photobooks and the history of photography,

The attendance of public of all ages has been massive throughout the two days of the Vienna Photobook 2015 Festival, which is a unique chance to find an exceedingly comprehensive range of photobooks, both modern and classic ones, colour and black and white alike, and with such a variety of prices, subject matters, sizes, design and paper qualities to properly satisfy everybody having a penchant for good photography, well manufatured books and graphic design. Here we can see a lot of attendees searching for photobooks up for grabs in the booths of MACK books (Great Britain), Poursuite (France), REMAprint (Austria), Sylph Editions (Great Britain), Van Zoetendaal Publishers (The Netherlands),  Ediciones Anómalas (Spain) and Peperoni Books, 25 Books (Germany).  

Some of the photobooks on sale belonged to the " cult genre ", as this wonderful original very old book titled Photographs of Japanese Customs and Manners, including 50 collotypes of pictures made by the photographer K. Ogawa and published by Kelly & Walsh in 1900 in Yokohama, Hong-Kong, Shanghai and Singapore in very limited quantities because it was handcraftedly manufactured. A real trove featuring embroised silk hardcover with silk knots, gilt edges and image captions in English. The Vienna PhotoBook Festival has also become a full-fledged venue for collectors from all over the world who often attend it pining for coveted items. 

The interaction between the highly experienced professional photobook sellers behind the booths and the abundant public reached such a level that all kind of suggestions and feedback was appreciated.

with the participation of 80 international booksellers and a top-notch programme of lectures by:

William Klein (one of the most important and influential photographers ever and a living legend of photography),

From left to right: William Klein, Peter Coeln, Regina Anzenberger, Michael Kollmann and Gerry Badger. The organizers of the Vienna PhotoBook Festival have managed to bring the American star photographer William Klein to the Austrian capital for the first time. His presence on stage in dialogue with the photographic critic and curator Gerry Badger and an utterly overcrowded auditorium has been a historical milestone of this third edition.

Olivia Arthur (Magnum photographer,Diploma in Photojournalism from the London College of Printing in 2003, Inge Morath Award Magnum Photos 2007, Laureate Photographe Fondation Jean-Luc Lagardere Paris 2008, Vic Odden Award Royal Photographic Society 2010),

Michel Auer ( a great authority on History of Photography, cameras, lenses and accessories, organizer of worldwide exhibitions, President along with his wife Michelle Auer of the Auer Photo Foundation for Photography, one of the most important in the world, including more than 500 cameras, 21,000 books, 50,000 original prints from 1839 to nowadays and a lot of unpublished works),

Andreas H. Bitesnich (a great Austrian photographer, master of black and white and lighting and featuring a unique style, particularly in his nude pictures with a hallmark of dramatic illumination and sculptural approach, Kodak Photography Book Award in 1998 for his book Nudes, published by Edition Stemmle, has published a lot of books with teNeues publishing house, highlighting Woman (2001), Travel (2001), Nudes (2001), On Form (2003), Polanude (2006), More Nudes (2007), More Nudes (2007), Erotic (2010) and India (2011), having also published with Room5Books the book Deeper Shades New York in a limited edition of 960 copies, also being stunning his long term photographic projects on urban landscapes of huge cities depicted through a strong graphic aesthetics), Colin Pantall (Photographic Portrait Prize 2007 of the National Portrait Gallery. An acclaimed British photobook critic and photographer specialized on childhood and mithologies of family identities, writer and lecturer, also writing articles in the British Journal of Photography, the Royal Photographic Society´s RPS Journal and Photo Eye magazine. He´s is likewise a senior lecturer in photography at the University of South Wales in Newport focusing in documentary photography, fashion and advertising courses),

Michael Mack, A pundit publisher featuring a tremendous experience and a current leading force in the photobook market. He was managing director of Steidl, founding the steidlMACK imprint. A man with an encyclopedic knowledge in his sphere and an outstanding ability to beget synergies with both established and emerging photographers, writers, curators, artists and cultural institutions. He has won plenty of photobook prizes: Author Book Award of Rencontres d´Arles 2012 for Redheaded Peckerwood by Christian Patterson, Deutsche Börse Photography Prize 2013 for Adam Bromberg & Oliver Chanarin´s War Primer 2, Leica Oskar Barnack Award 2014 for Martin Kollar´s Field Trip and others. His field of activity has mostly fostered projects conceived in book form, to such an extent that in 2012 he established the First Book Award in collaboration with the Bradford National Media Museum and the London Wilson Centre for Photography aimed at photographers who have not previously had a book published by a third party publishing house.

Nicolo Degiorgis, author of  Hidden Islam, the most successful photobook of 2014,

Ania Nalecka, one of the best photobook designers,

Peter Sramek, has been a Professor of Photography at OCAD University in Toronto, Ontario (Canada) since 1976. He studied photography under Minor White at MIT during early seventies and was one of the pioneers in the teaching of photography through the use of different technologies by means of his International Collaboration Studio Course in the Faculty of Art at OCAD University, gathering students from diffeent countries and is a founding member of the Gallery 44 Centre for Contemporary Photography, whose work integrates silver photography, digital imaging, handmade books and video installation.

Walter Bergmoser, Professor of Photography with an impressive background including Lecturer for Creative Photography at Prague FAMU between 1995 and 2003, Head of Department of Photography at the Faculty of Architecture at Bauhaus - Universität Weimar between 2000 and 2007, Lecturer at Helsinki University of Art and Design, Professor of Photography at Seoul Chung-Ang University, Professor for Communication Design at BTK University of Berlin 2012-2013, Head of Study Program of Photography at BTK University of Berlin since 2013 and Acting Rector of it since 2014. He has also curated a number of worldwide exhibitions like Daegu Photobienal (South Korea), Dongang Photofestival (South Korea), Czech Press Photo of the Year, Sparkling Silence at Kunsthalle Erfurt (Germany), Artfestival Tampere (Finland) and others.

The Vienna PhotoBook Festival 2015 was also attended by Manfred Heiting (a collector owning one of the most important assortments of images created by the best photographers in history making up a total of more than 4,000 prints, along with an amazing collection of more than 30,000 photobooks, as well as being a highly experienced curator, editor, publisher and the current Director of the Helmut Newton Foundation), who took part in a talk on photography collecting with Michel Auer and Andreas H. Bitesnich moderated by Gerry Badger.

The modern ZEITGEIST Vienna Hotel at Sonnwendgasse 15 Vienna, partner of the Vienna Photobook Festival 2015, made a praiseworthy labour, offering the international booksellers, lecturers and visitors attending the event very good economical conditions and state-of-the-art facilities who made them feel at home,

with the great advantage of its comfortable location at a distance of five minutes walking from Vienna Hauptbahnhof, very well communicated with the whole city.

Photobook enthusiasts browsing the booths of Dirk K. Bakker Boeken bookseller from Amsterdam (The Netherlands) and 5Uhr30 from Cologne (Germany).

Throughout the Vienna PhotoBook 2015 Festival both top quality booksellers offered a vast assortment of jewel photobooks like Nicaragua by Susan Meiselas, The Americans by Robert Frank, Carnival Strippers by Susan Meiselas, Paris by William Klein, Jazz by Ed Van der Elsken and many others.

Twenty one years after its foundation, the Dutch bookseller has become a world class specialist in legendary sold out, rare and artist´s books, in the same way as the German one, whose director Ecki Heuser, clad in a blue T-shirt, can be seen on the right of the image, giving advice to some attendees.

The Chinese Photobook From the 1900s to the Present on sale at the booth of Café Lehmnitz Photobooks (Germany).

The Vienna PhotoBook Festival provides a very interesting platform for contacts and further cooperation among publishers, dealers, photographers, collectors, artists and enthusiasts of the photobook. Here we can see in the foreground the booth of bt:st Verlag bookseller (Germany) with Andreas Oetker-Kast and Angelika Oetker-Kast talking to a photobook enthusiast, while in the background there´s a further chat on photobooks around the booth of Album Verlag bookseller (Austria) with Simon Weber-Unger, Head of Scientific Research at the Vienna Dorotheum, a world class expert in XIX Century technological devices and a highly knowledgeable lover of photobooks. He owns a gallery of antique photography in the Austrian capital and is a recognized authority on the nature printing method invented in Vienna in 1852.

One of the most alluring sides of the Vienna Photobook Festival is the possibility of buying photobooks signed by their authors and the frequent opportunity to talk to them live.

On the occasion of the Vienna PhotoBook Festival 2015, the " William Klein Lounge " was created inside the Magdas Kantine, a very good restaurant placed within the Brotfabrik Wien complex, and just outside it, on the right, can be seen a superb quality king size enlargement of the color panel appearing in the two first inner pages of the iconic photobook William Klein Retrospective with many famous pictures made by the great American photographer and covers of his most well-known iconic books and films

" William Klein Lounge " inside the Magdas Kantine restaurant, an unforgettable space presided over by a very high quality huge enlargement of the 20 black and white Ilford HP5 ISO 400 Safety Film and Kodak Tri-X ISO 400 film 24 x 36 mm contacts of photographs made by William Klein and appearing in the last two inner pages of the iconic photobook William Klein Retrospective, along with some Sony televisions showing a slew of Klein´s pictures to visitors´ treat. Once more, it was apparent that the level of thouroughness and painstaking work carried out by the organizers of the Vienna PhotoBook Festival 2015 was certainly fantastic, personally supervising a myriad of different details, a great effort that has paid off, turning this event into the international benchmark within its field.

Lithuanian Photography handbook at the booth of the Lithuanian Photographers Association (Lithuania).

The Vienna PhotoBook Festival 2015 has also been a meeting point for many photographers, artists and experts in photography history. Here can be seen from left to right: the Austrian photographer Walter Joebstl (a professor of photography at the Schoolf of Graphic Arts and Multimedia in Vienna, having subsequently also worked for the Austrian National Monument Trust doing ethnology photowork), Professor Anna Auer (one of the greatest experts on History of Photography in the world and a pioneer in the creation of photo galleries with the foundation in 1970 of her Die Brücke Galerie in Vienna, visited by Ernst Haas every time he went to Austria, and that was strongly inspired by the legendary Camera magazine and the keynotes set forth by Helmut Gernsheim. Already in 1972 and 1973, she showed in Austria exhibitions of American photographers like Edward Weston, Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander, Ralph Gibson, Duane Michals, Dick Arentz, Andrew Davidhazy, Minor White, Les Krims, Susan Barron, E.S.Curtis and Judy Dater, together with other significant exhibitions like Übersee, displayed in the Vienna Kunsthalle in 1998, fruit of a previous research on the Austrian photography in the emigration, and Die Materie die wir nicht sehen Franco Fontana´s solo exhibition in 1972. A living encyclopedia of photography with tremendous knowledge and experience, she was also co-editor of Photoresearcher, the top-notch quality journal of the European Society for the History of Photography. She is currently a member of the International Advisory Board of the ESHPh, of which she was President between 2004-2008 and is among many other subjects a great authority on Ansel Adams) and Okky Offerhaus (Dutch photographer. She was assistant photographer of Elliott Erwitt during sixties, accompanying him in travels through Europe, the Iron Curtain countries and United States).

The booth of AnzenbergerGallery Bookshop in full activity during the Vienna PhotoBook Festival 2015. In a brief period of four years since its foundation in 2011, this Austrian bookseller has turned into one of the leading photobook firms in Europe, focusing on rare, selfpublished, signed and limited edition photography books, being an alternative resource for every photobook lover, with a comprehensive catalogue including such great photobooks as Portraits by Bruce Davidson, New York September 11 (signed by 11 Magnum photographers), The Iconic Photographs Limited Edition (book + print) by Steve McCurry, Bad Weather (signed) by Martin Parr, Hokkaido by Daido Moriyama, Himalayan Pilgrimage by Ernst Haas, Roma by Josef Koudelka, The World from my Front Porch by Larry Towell, and even a very interesting choice of handmade books like Rules of the Road by Vitaly Fomenko, Oasis Hotel by Nicolo Degiorgis and others.

Text and Photos: José Manuel Serrano Esparza

martes, 23 de junio de 2015


MotoGP is the queen category of the Motorcycling World Speed Championship, the one arousing the greatest levels of passion, thrill and interest among fans and a competition which since sixties has yielded as renowned pilots as Mike Hailwood, Giacomo Agostini, Barry Sheene, Jenny Roberts, Freddie Spencer, Eddie Lawson, Wayne Rainey, Kevin Schwantz, Michael Doohan, Alex Crivillé, Nicky Hayden, Casey Stoner and others during the 500 cc cylinder capacity times with two or four stroke engines, until reaching the year 2000, in which new regulations enabled the brands to take part with 500 cc two stroke engines or 990 cc four stroke powerplants, and after a short period of five years between 2007 and 2012 when the maximum displacement was reduced to 800 cc, the current MotoGP 1000 cc was established in 2012.

One of the most representative moments during MotoGP races: Valentino Rossi while cornering at maximum feasible speed, bending his exceedingly powerful 1000 cc and 245 hp Yamaha YZR-M1 to counteract the centrifugal force.

But if the highest category of the Motorcycling World Championship had already been raised to amazing peaks by the aforementioned extraordinary top-notch pilots who competed with 500 cc motorcycles, in the year 2000 took place the emergence of an extraordinary pilot who was going to become a milestone in the History of Motorcycling: VALENTINO ROSSI, who three years after winning the 125 cc World Championship in 1997 with an Aprilia RS 125 and two after proclaiming winner of the 250 cc World Championship with an Aprilia RSW250, started in 2000 his professional career in the 500 cc category with a two stroke Honda NSR500, being runner-up and subsequently winning his first 500 cc World Championship in 2001.

Instant in which Valentino Rossi has just come off a turn, opening the throttle to the utmost as soon as possible without flying out of the track and striving after avoiding any jolt of the motorcycle in its back area.

In addition, there was a synchronic far-reaching fact: the formidable blossoming of Valentino Rossi in the most important competition of speed motorcycling greatly coincided with the debut in 2002 of the new 990 cc MotoGP motorcycles, signing up for the Honda Repsol HRC Team, piloting a DOHC 4 Valve, V-5 Honda RC211V, the first four-stroke model in the World Speed Championship, whose maximum power was 240 hp. reached a top speed of more than 340 km/h and with which he won his second MotoGP World Championship, with an advantage of nothing less than 150 points over Max Biaggi.

Valentino Rossi driving through the course of a bend with his indescribable mastery. It can be seen in the image how the back wheel of the MotoGP bike features more than twice width than the forward one, since it is the driving wheel which has to convey the huge power of the motorcycle on the tarmac, and if it were narrower, the rubber would melt, because it would have less tyre track, because this must be suitable to the quantity of torque and power that the driving wheel is able to transmit.

Valentino Rossi´s exceptional qualities as a pilot, his remarkable charisma both inside and outside the circuits, his intelligence and grasp during races, his gift as a consummate strategist able to read the races circumstances with utter accuracy, his uncommon ability to choose the most suitable instants to attack or positioning awaiting for his moment, his deep study and knowledge of his opponents, his all-out commitment throughout every race fighting tooth and nail on the tarmac and other many sides, turned him quickly into an icon of speed motorcycling and particularly into an exceedingly admired and beloved person for the enthusiasts of motorbike competitions all over the world.

The Doctor at full speed. MotoGP bikes reach an amazingly high figure of rpm, for power is the product of torque x revolutions per minute and it is necessary to play with both factors to get maximum power. On one hand, the torque must be maximized, but such a torque mostly depends on the cylinder capacity, which to all intents and purposes is tantamount to the engine size. A 1 litre engine of a motorcycle sports half the size of a 2 litre engine of a car, but this one delivers roughly 115 hp and only reaches around 6,000 rpm, while Valentino Rossi´s Yamaha YZR-M1, though boasts less displacement and lower torque than a car 2 litre engine, it finally generates a far superior power, thanks to the product of his smaller torque x its much higher and brutal figure of 16,000 rpm rendered by its atmospheric powerplant.

The 2003-2004 season meant Valentino Rossi´s international recognition within MotoGP, on winning nine races and attaining his third in a row world title in the top category, getting 357 points and beating Sete Gibernau and Max Biaggi, whom he respectively surpassed through an advantage of 80 and 129 points.

And the arrival of the 2004-2005 season was to be pivotal in the beginning of Valentino Rossi´s most glorious period in MotoGP, when he signed up for Yamaha and intensively devoted to do a number of tests with a Yamaha YZR-M1 in early 2004, keeping an ongoing dialogue with mechanics and technicians, since he pined after a tailor made for his piloting style motorcycle  featuring an exceedingly powerful engine simultaneously being very reliable, excelling at working smoothness and that he could utterly control both in the full speed straightforward stretches and the bends, so he fought tooth and nail throughout some months until finding the powerplant he needed.

Valentino Rossi´s piloting style has always been characteristic for his smoothness and utter control of the bike even under the most extreme contexts. In addition, Il Dottore is an accomplished strategist able to analyze in tenths of seconds the specific stages of every competition and make the best possible use of them, by virtue of his great experience gleaned throughout years battling at the highest level and his natural flair and intuition for MotoGP races, being first and foremost a Sundays pilot, whose performance reaches its greatest heights during the MotoGP Grand Prix races themselves. in which he has written golden pages of Motorcycling History, making the fans live MAGICAL MOMENTS.

From then on, the symbiosis between Valentino Rossi and his Yamaha YZR-M1 with a liquid-cooled 1000 cc and 245 hp engine sporting in-line 4-cylinder, 4-stroke with 16-valve DOHC crossplane crankshaft (with pistons located at equal intervals of rotation of 90º on it) was perfect, to such an extent that he won on April 18, 2004 the first race in which he took part with this motorcycle in the Phakisa Freeway Circuit at Welcom (South Africa), after a sensational duel with Max Biaggi from start to finish and plenty of mutual overtakes.

Following it, there were unforgettable instants which have remained indelible in the collective memory of the enthusiasts of motorcycling, when an apparently thrilled Valentino Rossi hugged his Yamaha amidst of crying and kissed it, without forgetting a very significant fact: it was the first time that a pilot won two consecutive races with motorbikes of different brands.

Valentino Rossi on his Yamaha YZR-M1 has just overtaken Dani Pedrosa on his Honda RC213V. These are instants in which the excitement and passion lived by the motorcycling enthusiasts are difficult to define with words, because the huge speed of the actions and the noise produced by the tremendously powerful 1000 cc and more than 240 hp boasted by these beutiful machines set up an unutterable binomial.

Since then, Valentino Rossi became the undisputed King of MotoGP, getting four World MotoGP championships with Yamaha (2004, 2005, 2008 and 2009) which along his three MotoGP championships achieved with Honda in 2001, 2002 and 2003 make up a total of seven World MotoGP championships won by Valentino Rossi hitherto, so he is with difference the most laureated champion in this queen category, the most influential and the most decisive man in the development of this competition since its format change in 2002 and the progressive increase in capacity of the category up to the 1000 cc.

And worthy of particular mention is the fairly advanced mechanics featured by the 100 cc MotoGP bikes, which are regarding this side the state of the art within the scope of worldwide motorcycling, with metallic components manufactured with the best available materials and an incredible accuracy of mechanizing, along with exhaust pipes designs that can offer radical differences according to the layout of the engine and the ideas of its creators, always with the goal of optimizing the powerplant performance.

Valentino Rossi´s Yamaha YZR-M1 sports a weight of 158 kg, an Aluminum Delta Box frame, a 1000 cc 245 hp liquid cooled inline four-cylinder with crossplane crankshaft engine and a configuration in which each exhaust port is adjacent to the others at the front of the powerplant, Brembo front brake discs manufactured in carbon and Öhlins shock absorbers. 

But even a more stunning accomplishment is that after a period of three years in which he didn´t manage to be among the first three men in the MotoGP ranking during 2011 (7º with Ducati GP11), 2012 (6º with Ducati GP12) and 2013 (4º with Yamaha YZR-M1), Valentino Rossi was able to proclaim runner-up in the 2014 World MotoGP, only beaten by Marc Márquez, and he presently occupies the first position in the 2015 World MotoGP ranking, followed by Jorge Lorenzo at a distance of 1 point.

Although Valentino Rossi´s 1000 cc Yamaha YZR-M1 features a nominal official power of 245 hp, there are reasonable clues suggesting that the extraordinary tune-up labour, experience and know-how of the Yamaha team of mechanics and technicians has made possible that during the current 2015 year this truly dreaming machine bike is already approaching to the real 300 hp. In order to gain insight into what this means, suffice it to say that 300 hp - at 2,700 rpm - is the figure developed by the radial six-cylinder, direct-drive, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aspired engine of the 952 kg aerobatic aircraft Extra 300L with welded stainless-steel tube covered with aluminum and fabric.

This is highly praiseworthy, because Valentino Rossi is 36 years old and is competing one on one, with high options of vitory, against two extraordinary much younger pilots with superior athletic ability who have already been twice World MotoGP winners: Jorge Lorenzo (a real monster of consistency, mental strength and speed) and Marc Márquez (a man featuring an unboundless bravery, also exceedingly fast, and always going full blast),

Valentino Rossi in fierce fight with Marc Márquez. Another of the great allures of the MotoGP races is the chance to watch live fantastic pilots boasting rather different styles. It can be seen in image the remarkable contrast of driving ways between Valentino Rossi (oozing stunning smoothness and elegance at great speed, the full control over the motorcycle even in the most closed curves and a great consistency lap after lap usually without making mistakes, together with a formidable management of the race tempos) and Marc Márquez (a very aggressive pilot, steadfastly looking for his limit, exceedingly fast, with a boundless standard of physical self-commitment, specially within bends which he has managed to take with a 65º angle of inclination, often touching the ground with his knee and arms and taking more risks than anybody else).

MotoGP pilots are the cream of the crop of world motorcycling, men devoting their existence to bikes and constantly jeopardizing their lives searching for the maximum possible speed.

thanks to his huge experience, the preservation of identical eagerness to win, the love and synergy with his Yamaha YZR-M1 with which he has kept the probably most fruitful romance in the whole history of motorcycling ( together with Giacomo Agostini´s 500 cc three cylinder and unique barking MV Agusta during late sixties and early seventies ) and that he is still able to reach tremendously high speeds with full control taking advantage of his wealth of experience.

Another image of Valentino Rossi cornering. It´s very important to underscore that besides Il Dottore´s phenomenal traits as a pilot, the formidable performance of the YamahaYZR-M1 both in the curves and in the straight stretches of the circuits are the fruit of a strenuous effort throughout years fulfilled by the Yamaha MotoGP team of mechanics and technicians and the YMR-M1 project leader Koichi Tsuji, which began in 2002 with the first prototype based on a 500 cc MotoGP chassis sporting a 4 stroke engine and the transition both from carburettor to fuel injection and from the original braking system to the ICS, period which was followed in 2004 by the selection of the engine with four valve cylinder head instead of five, always within the frame of a yearned for steady improvement in three spheres: chassis, optimization of the engine performance and control and the obtention of the best feasible features of handling and agility.

After all, aside from the abundant World MotoGP championships won by Valentino Rossi with this already mythical bike, the Yamaha YZR-M1 has been and keeps on being one of the most interesting models ever from a technological and mechanical standpoint, since the feats achieved by the Yamaha Team with this machine when it comes to gibe birth to the adequate balance between increasing engine power, handling easiness and rideability have been startling, until reaching the present Yamaha YZR-M1 in 2015, which oozes a huge controllable torque character, complemented by the highly efficient Engine Management System (EMS).

Therefore, the lovers of speed motorcycles races, particularly the enthusiasts of MotoGP, are in for a treat, for the presence in the competition of three great champions like Valentino Rossi, Jorge Lorenzo and Marc Márquez (along with other remarkable pilots like Dani Pedrosa, Andrea Iannone, Andrea Dovizioso, Bradley Smith, etc) has created one of the most interesting and thrilling competitive contexts in the History of MotoGP, and evidence clearly suggests that there might be truly breathtaking instants and circumstances during the next MotoGP races, with the added allure that entails watching in action specially the best three pilots in the queen category, whose pilotage styles are different.

The Yamaha YZR-M1 acceleration ability in a fraction of a second is spectacular and draws maximum stamina from the pilot, above all when getting out of the turns and in the straight stretches where speeds between 330 and 350 km/h are frequently reached, albeit speeds of up to 365 km/h have been attained in some tests.

In this regard, the first-string Akrapovic exhaust pipes have been one of the key factors to be able to get the best possible performance of the 1000 cc and around 290 real hp engine, with the added benefit of a cutting-edge technology of materials embodied by the Brembo 320 mm carbon front discs with two four-pistons calipers, and the single stainless steel rear disc with twin-piston caliper.

On the other hand, the Yamaha YZR-M1 MotoGP possesses a great versatility from the viewpoint of the myriad of adjustments in electronics, frame and position of the swingarm which is possible to do, and is the evolutive apex of ideas strated by Yamaha with the original 400 cc Morpho from 1989 and the 1000 cc Morpho 2 from 1991, both of them sporting a variable riding position which meant the conceptual genesis of the aluminum twin tube delta box with multiadjustable steering geometry aluminum swingarm of the Yamaha YZR-M1 in 2015.

The accomplishments attained till now by The Doctor throughout his thirteeen years of career in MotoGP are really impressive, holding the record of victories (83) and podiums (159) in the most important category of motorcycling, likewise being the pilot which has achieved more poles (200) and points (5,118) in the History of Motorcycling World Championship.

But in spite of the great successes achieved, Yamaha has never rested on its laurels and it is evidenced by the seamless gearbox of its own it had to design from scratch (before the superiority of Honda and Ducati in this side during 2013 and 2014 both on accelerating and particularly on reducing), firstly with an only fully operative contrivance when increasing gears, so it went on in inferiority in the braking manoeuvers with respect to those two rival brands, after which the Yamaha Team Moto GP got down to work and developed a full seamless gearbox which is flawlessly synergyzing with the continuous improvements made in frame and electronics of the Yamaha YZR-M1, so things have greatly equalized in this aspect regarding Marc Márquez and Jorge Pedrosa´s Hondas RC213V and Andrea Iannone and Andrea Dovizioso´s Ducatis GP15.

Besides, his 9 Motorcycling World Championships, seven in MotoGP, one in 125 cc and a further more in 250 cc, are a highest level sporting feat, above all if we bear in mind the circumstances in which they were obtained and his exceedingly brilliant performances in mythical races in which he was the main character.

A professional path as a MotoGP pilot that hasn´t finished yet, since Valentino Rossi goes on fully fit at 36 and currently occupies the first position of the MotoGP 2015 ranking. 

© Text and Photos: José Manuel Serrano Esparza

miércoles, 17 de junio de 2015


MotoGP es la categoría reina del Campeonato del Mundo de Motociclismo de velocidad, la que mayores niveles de pasión e interés suscita entre los aficionados y una competición que desde los años sesenta ha generado legendarios pilotos de la talla de Mike Hailwood, Giacomo Agostini, Barry Sheene, Kenny Roberts, Freddie Spencer, Eddie Lawson, Wayne Rainey, Kevin Schwantz, Michael Doohan, Alex Crivillé, Nicky Hayden, Casey Stoner y otros durante la época de 500 cc de cilindrada con motores de dos o cuatro tiempos, hasta llegar al año 2002 en que una nueva reglamentación permitió a las marcas participar con motos de dos tiempos de 500 cc o de cuatro tiempos de 990 cc, y tras un breve período de cinco años entre 2007 y 2012 en que se redujo la cilindrada máxima a 800 cc, en 2012 se fijó el actual formato de MotoGP 1000 c.c.

Uno de los momentos más representativos de las carreras de MotoGP: Valentino Rossi toma una curva a la máxima velocidad posible, tumbando su potentísima Yamaha YZR-M1 de 1000 cc y 245 CV para contrarrestar la fuerza centrífuga.

Pero si ya de por sí la máxima categoría del mundial de motociclismo fue elevada a cotas impresionantes por los extraordinarios pilotos mencionados anteriormente y que compitieron con motos de 500 c.c, en el año 2000 se produjo la irrupción de un grandísimo piloto, auténtico virtuoso, que iba a marcar un antes y un después en la Historia del Motociclismo Mundial: VALENTINO ROSSI, que tres años después de ganar el Campeonato del Mundo de 125 cc con Aprilia RS 125 en 1997 y dos tras proclamarse vencedor del Mundial de 250 cc con Aprilia RSW250, inició en 2000 su andadura en el medio litro con Honda NSR500 de dos tiempos, siendo subcampeón y ganando su primer mundial de 500 c.c en 2001.

Instante en el que Valentino Rossi acaba de salir de una curva, abriendo gas al máximo lo antes posible sin salir volando y luchando por todos los medios por evitar que la motocicleta de un latigazo en su zona trasera.

Se produjo además un hecho sincrónico trascendental: la formidable eclosión de Valentino Rossi en la competición más importante del motociclismo de velocidad coincidió en gran medida con el debut en 2002 de las nuevas motocicletas MotoGP de 990 cc, fichando por el equipo Honda Repsol HRC a los mandos de la Honda RC211V con motor de 5 cilindros en V, la primera de cuatro tiempos en el Campeonato del Mundo de Velocidad, cuya potencia era de 240 CV, alcanzaba una velocidad máxima de más de 340 km/h y con la que ganó su segundo mundial de MotoGP, con una ventaja de nada menos que 150 puntos sobre el subcampeón Max Biaggi.

Valentino Rossi realizando la trazada de otra curva con su inefable maestría. Puede observarse en imagen como la rueda trasera de la moto de MotoGP posee más del doble de anchura que la delantera, ya que es la rueda motriz que ha de transmitir al asfalto la enorme potencia de la moto, y si fuera más estrecha, se fundiría la goma, ya que tendría menos huella, al precisarse el que ésta esté adecuada a la cantidad de torque y de potencia que la rueda motriz tiene que transmitir.

Las enormes cualidades de Valentino Rossi como piloto, su gran carisma dentro y fuera de los circuitos, su inteligencia y valor durante las carreras, sus dotes como consumado estratega capaz de leer con total precisión las circunstancias de carrera, su insólita capacidad para elegir los momentos más adecuados para el ataque o bien el posicionamiento a la espera de su momento, su profundo estudio y conocimiento de los rivales, su máxima entrega durante cada carrera vaciándose sobre el asfalto y otros muchos aspectos, le convirtieron rápidamente en un icono del motociclismo y sobre todo en un personaje muy admirado y querido por los entusiastas de las carreras de motos de todo el mundo.

The Doctor a toda velocidad. Las motos de MotoGP alcanzan una altísima cantidad de rpm, ya que la potencia es producto de par x revoluciones y hay que jugar con ambos factores para conseguir la máxima potencia. Por una parte, hay que maximizar el torque o par, pero dicho torque depende sobre todo de la cilindrada, que a efectos prácticos equivale al tamaño del motor. Un motor de una motocicleta de un litro de cilindrada es la mitad de grande que un motor dos litros de un coche, pero éste da aproximadamente 115 CV y sólo sube hasta alrededor de 6.000 r.p.m, mientras que el motor de la Yamaha YZR-M1 de Valentino Rossi, aunque posee menor cilindrada e inferior torque que el motor de dos litros de un coche, al final, tiene una potencia muy superior, gracias al producto de su menor par x su mucho más alta y brutal cifra de 15,000 rpm de su motor atmosférico.

La temporada 2003-2004 supuso la consagración internacional de Valentino Rossi en MotoGP, al ganar nueve carreras, y lograr su tercer mundial consecutivo en la máxima categoría, obteniendo 357 puntos y superando a Sete Gibernau y Max Biaggi, a quienes aventajó en 80 y 129 puntos respectivamente.

Y la llegada de la temporada 2004-2005 iba a significar el comienzo de la época más gloriosa de Valentino Rossi en MotoGP, al fichar por Yamaha y dedicarse intensivamente a hacer múltiples pruebas con una Yamaha YZR-M1 a principios de 2004, en constante diálogo con mecánicos y técnicos, ya que deseaba conseguir una moto hecha a la medida de su estilo de pilotaje, dotada de un motor de gran potencia pero a la vez de muy alta fiabilidad, suavidad de funcionamiento y que pudiera controlar totalmente tanto en los tramos rectos a gran velocidad como en las curvas, por lo que luchó con ahínco durante varios meses hasta encontrar la planta motriz que necesitaba.

El estilo de pilotaje de Valentino Rossi se ha caracterizado siempre por su suavidad y pleno control de la moto incluso en los contextos más extremos. Il Dottore es además un consumado estratega capaz de analizar en décimas de segundo las circunstancias específicas de cada fase de las competiciones y gestionarlas lo mejor posible, gracias a su gran experiencia acumulada de años al más alto nivel y a su don natural e intuición para las carreras de MotoGP, siendo ante todo y para todo un piloto de Domingos, cuyo rendimiento alcanza sus mayores cotas durante los grandes premios MotoGP propiamente dichos, donde ha escrito páginas de oro de la Historia del Motociclismo, haciendo vivir MOMENTOS MÁGICOS  a los aficionados.

A partir de ese momento, la simbiosis entre Valentino Rossi y su Yamaha YZR-M1 con motor de 1000 cc de 240 CV y cuatro cilindros en línea con cigüeñal crossplane ( con pistones ubicados a intervalos iguales de rotación de 90º sobre el mismo) fue perfecta, hasta el punto de que ganó por 0,210 seg la primera carrera con la que participó con esta moto el 18 de Abril de 2004 en el Circuito Phakisa Freeway de Welkom (Sudáfrica), tras sensacional pugna con Max Biaggi de principio a fin y abundantes adelantamientos entre ambos.

A continuación, se produjeron instantes imborrables que permanecen indelebles en la memoria colectiva de los buenos aficionados al motociclismo, cuando un Valentino Rossi visiblemente emocionado aparcó la moto poco después de cruzar la meta, se sentó en el suelo con el brazo izquierdo apoyado en la rueda delantera de la máquina y comenzó a llorar de alegría, besando a continuación su Yamaha YZR-M1, sin olvidar un hecho muy significativo: era la primera vez que un piloto ganaba dos carreras consecutivas de MotoGP con motos de diferentes marcas.

Valentino Rossi acaba de adelantar con su Yamaha YZR-M1 a Dani Pedrosa a los mandos de su Honda RC213V. Son instantes en los que la emoción y pasión vividas por los aficionados son difíciles de describir con palabras, ya que las enormes velocidades a las que se desarrolla la acción y el sonido producido por los poderosísimos motores de 1000 cc y más de 240 caballos de estas bellas máquinas configuran un binomio inenarrable.

Desde entonces, Valentino Rossi se convirtió en el indiscutible Rey de MotoGP, consiguiendo con Yamaha cuatro campeonatos del mundo de MotoGP (2004, 2005, 2008 y 2009) que sumados a sus tres campeonatos MotoGP logrados con Honda en 2001, 2002 y 2003 hacen un total de 7 campeonatos del Mundo de MotoGP ganados por Valentino Rossi hasta la fecha, por lo que es con diferencia el campeón más laureado en esta categoría reina, el más influyente y el hombre más decisivo en el desarrollo de esta competición desde su cambio de formato en 2002 y el progresivo aumento de cilindrada de la categoría MotoGP hasta los 1.000 c.c.

Mención aparte merece la avanzadísima mecánica que incorporan las motos de 1.000 cc de MotoGP, que son en esta faceta con diferencia el estado del arte en el ámbito del motociclismo a nivel mundial, con piezas metálicas de increíble precisión de mecanizado hechas con los mejores materiales disponibles y diseños de tubos de escape que pueden presentar diferencias radicales según el esquema del motor y las ideas de sus diseñadores, siempre con el objetivo de optimizar el rendimiento de la planta motriz. 

La Yamaha YZR-M1 de Valentino Rossi pesa 158 kilos, lleva chasis de aluminio Deltabox, un motor de 1000 cc, 240 CV, 4 cilindros en línea refrigerado por líquido y una configuración en la que cada conducto de escape es adyacente a los demás en la parte delantera de la planta motriz, discos de freno delanteros obra de Brembo y fabricados en carbono, y amortigüadores Öhlins.  

Pero más asombroso todavía resulta el hecho de que después de un período de tres años en el que no consiguió figurar entre los tres primeros en la clasificación de Moto GP durante 2011 (7º con Ducati GP11), 2012 (6º con Ducati GP12) y 2013 (4º con Yamaha YZR-M1), Valentino Rossi logró proclamarse Subcampeón del Mundo de MotoGP en 2014, sólo superado por Marc Márquez, y en el momento presente va primero en la clasificación de MotoGP, seguido por Jorge Lorenzo a tan sólo un punto.

Aunque el motor de 1000 cc de la Yamaha YZR-M1 de Valentino Rossi posee una potencia nominal oficial de 245 CV, existen indicios razonables que indican que la extraordinaria puesta a punto, experiencia y pericia del equipo de mecánicos de Yamaha ha conseguido que durante el presente año 2015 esta moto ciertamente de ensueño se esté aproximando ya a los 300 CV reales de potencia. Para hacerse una idea de lo que ésto supone, 300 CV de potencia - a 2700 rpm - es la desarrollada por el motor aspirado radial Lycoming AEIO-540 de seis cilindros refrigerado por aire del avión acrobático Extra 300L de 952 kg con fuselaje de tubo de acero soldado cubierto de aluminio y tela. 

Esto tiene un mérito enorme, ya que Valentino Rossi tiene 36 años y está compitiendo de tú a tú, con elevadas opciones de victoria, contra dos extraordinarios pilotos mucho más jóvenes y con mayor capacidad atlética que han sido ya dos veces cada uno Campeones del Mundo de MotoGP como son Jorge Lorenzo (un auténtico monstruo de consistencia, fuerza mental y velocidad) y Marc Márquez (hombre de ilimitado arrojo, también rapidísimo, que va siempre al límite),

Valentino Rossi en dura lucha con Marc Márquez. Otro de los grandes atractivos de las carreras de MotoGP es poder ver en directo a pilotos fuera de serie con estilos muy distintos. Puede apreciarse en imagen la notable diferencia de pilotaje entre Valentino Rossi (caracterizado por su notable suavidad y elegancia a gran velocidad, el total control de la moto incluso en las curvas más cerradas y una gran regularidad vuelta tras vuelta generalmente sin cometer errores, además de una formidable gestión de los tempos de carrera) y Marc Márquez (hombre de estilo muy agresivo, absolutamente al límite en todo momento, rapidísimo, con un descomunal nivel de autoexigencia física sobre todo en las curvas que ha llegado a tomar con un grado de inclinación de 65º, tocando con frecuencia el suelo con rodilla y brazos y asumiendo más riesgos que nadie).

Los pilotos de MotoGP son la flor y nata del motociclismo mundial, hombres que dedican su existencia a las motos y arriesgan sus vidas constantemente, en pos de la máxima velocidad posible.

gracias a su enorme experiencia, la preservación de idéntica ilusión por ganar, el amor y sinergia con su Yamaha YZR-M1 (con la que ha protagonizado probablemente el más fructífero idilio en toda la historia de la competición junto con la MV Agusta de 500 cc, tres cilindros y ladrido único de Giacomo Agostini durante finales de los años sesenta y principios de los setenta) y a que es capaz todavía de alcanzar altísimas velocidades con pleno control gracias a su más que contrastada maestría.

Otra imagen de Valentino Rossi tomando una curva. Es muy importante resaltar el hecho de que además de las excepciopnales cualidades como piloto de Il Dottore, las formidables prestaciones de la Yamaha YZR-M1 tanto en las curvas como en las rectas son fruto del trabajo ímprobo durante años del equipo de mecánicos y técnicos de Yamaha MotoGP y el jefe de proyecto YZR-M1 Koichi Tsuji, que se inició en 2002 con el primer prototipo basado en un chasis de moto de 500 cc con motor de cuatro tiempos y la transición tanto de carburador a inyección por combustible como del sistema de control de frenos original al ICS, período al que siguieron en 2004 la adopción del motor con culata de clindro de cuatro vávulas en lugar de cinco, siempre en el marco de la mejora constante en tres ámbitos: chasis, optimización del rendimiento del motor y control del mismo, y la consecución de las mejores características de manejo y agilidad posibles.

Y es que además de los abundantes Campeonatos del Mundo de MotoGP ganados por Valentino Rossi con esta ya mítica moto, la Yamaha YZR-M1 ha sido y continúa siendo uno de los modelos más interesantes de todos los tiempos desde un punto de vista tecnológico y mecánico, ya que las proezas conseguidas por el Yamaha Team con esta máquina a la hora de generar el adecuado equilibrio entre cada vez más potencia de motor, facilidad de conducción y maniobrabilidad han sido extraordinarias, hasta llegar a la presente Yamaha YZR-M1 de 2015 que posee una enorme personalidad de torque controlable, complementada por el muy eficaz Sistema de Gestión del Motor (EMS).

Así pues, en estos momentos los aficionados a las carreras de motos de velocidad, en especial los entusiasta del MotoGP, están de enhorabuena, ya que la presencia en la competición de tres grandísimos campeones como Valentino Rossi, Jorge Lorenzo y Marc Márquez (así como otros grandes pilotos como Dani Pedrosa, Andrea Iannone, Andrea Dovizioso, Bradley Smith, etc) ha creado uno de los contextos competitivos más interesantes y emocionantes en toda la Historia del MotoGP, y los indicios apuntan claramente a que pueden producirse momentos de carrera y circunstancias ciertamente alucinantes, con el aliciente añadido que supone el ver en acción sobre todo a los hoy por hoy tres mejores pilotos de la categoría reina, cuyos estilos de pilotaje son distintos.

El poder de aceleración en una fracción de segundo de la Yamaha YZR-M1 de Valentino Rossi es espectacular y exige el máximo de energía del piloto, sobre todo en la salida de las curvas y en los tramos rectos donde se alcanzan con frecuencia velocidades entre 330 y 350 km/h, si bien ya se han alcanzado los 365 km/h en algunos tests realizados.

En este sentido, los excelentes tubos de escape Akrapovic han sido uno de los factores decisivos a la hora de conseguir el mayor rendimiento posible del motor de 1000 cc y unos 290 CV de potencia reales, con el beneficio añadido de una muy vanguardista tecnología de materiales encarnada por los rotores de frenado delanteros de 320 mm de diámetro hechos  con fibra de carbono y los más modernos calibradores de cuatro pistones estilo monobloque de Brembo, que precisan una temperatura mayor que los discos de metal para conseguir resultados óptimos.

Por otra parte, la Yamaha YZR-M1 de MotoGP posee una gran versatilidad desde el punto de vista de la pléyade de ajustes en electrónica, chasis y posicionamiento de basculante que es posible realizar, y es la cúspide evolutiva de ideas iniciadas por Yamaha con la Morpho 400 cc original de 1989 y la Morpho 2 1000 cc de 1991, ambas con posición de pilotaje variable que supuso la génesis conceptual a principios de los noventa del basculante de aluminio de geometría de conducción multiajustable que caracteriza al chasis de aluminio delta box de doble tubo de la Yamaha YZR-M1 de 2015.

Los logros conseguidos hasta ahora por The Doctor durante sus trece años de andadura en MotoGP son ciertamente impresionantes, ostentando el récord de victorias (83) y podios (159) en la categoría reina del motociclismo, siendo también el piloto que más poles (200) y puntos (5118) ha logrado en la historia del Mundial de Motociclismo.

Pero pese a los grandes éxitos cosechados, Yamaha nunca se ha dormido en los laureles y prueba de ello es el sistema propio de caja de cambios seamless que tuvo que diseñar desde cero (ante la superioridad en 2013 y 2014 de Honda y Ducati en esta faceta tanto al acelerar como especialmente al reducir), inicialmente con un dispositivo plenamente operativo únicamente al incrementar las marchas, por lo que seguía en inferioridad en las frenadas ante dichas dos marcas rivales, tras lo cual el Yamaha Team MotoGP se puso manos a la obra y desarrolló una caja de cambios seamless completa que está sinergizando muy bien con las contínuas mejoras realizadas en chasis y electrónica de la Yamaha YZR-M1 y ha igualado notablemente las tornas en esta faceta frente a las Hondas RC213V de Marc Márquez y Jorge Pedrosa y las Ducatis GP15 de Andrea Iannone y Andrea Dovizioso.

Sus nueve campeonatos mundiales de motociclismo, siete en MotoGP, uno en 125 cc y otro en 250 cc, constituyen además una gesta deportiva del más alto nivel, sobre todo si se tienen en cuenta las circunstancias en que fueron obtenidos y sus brillantísimas actuaciones en míticas carreras en las que fue el principal protagonista.

Una trayectoria profesional como piloto de MotoGP que todavía no ha terminado, ya que Valentino Rossi continúa en plena forma a sus 36 años y ocupa en estos momentos la primera posición de la clasificación de MotoGP 2015.

© Texto y Fotos: José Manuel Serrano Esparza